CBD vs THC

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Can CBD Reduce Anxiety?
February 12, 2019
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It is understandable if you are confused about the differences between CBD and THC. After all, they are substances both naturally found in cannabis. They even share the same molecular structure, and they differ chemically only in the arrangement of atoms. But this little difference makes a big difference in how they affect your body.

What Is CBD?

CBD, which is short for cannabidiol, is an extraction from either hemp or marijuana. It is available many different forms, including:

  • Gels
  • Gummies
  • Oils
  • Supplements
  • Extracts

CBD is further non-psychoactive. This means that it cannot get you high.

What is THC?

THC, which is short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is the psychoactive substance in marijuana that makes you high. In addition to smoking marijuana, you can consume THC in the following forms:

  • Oils
  • Edibles
  • Tinctures
  • Capsules
  • What Other Differences Exist Between CBD and THC?

Medicinal Effects

Both CBD and THC provide relief for a number of medical conditions. While many of these conditions are the same, CBD treats them without side effects, such as getting you high.

CBD has been used to treat the following conditions:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Inflammation, including inflammatory bowel disease
  • Mental disorders
  • Migraines
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Seizures

Additionally, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved the use of CBD to treat various forms of epilepsy.

THC has been used to treat the following conditions:

  • Anxiety
  • Appetite disorders
  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle spasms
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Side Effects

CBD, in and of itself, has no side effects, regardless of dosage. Though some side effects may occur if you take it in association with certain prescription medications.

On the other hand, THC has many negative side effects. Apart from getting you high, these effects include:

  • Coordination difficulties
  • Dry mouth
  • Fast heart rates
  • Lowered reaction times
  • Memory loss
  • Red eyes

THC can also produce psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, if used for extended periods of time. This is especially true for teenagers who consume signficant quantities of it.

Legal Status

Under federal law, THC is specifically listed as a controlled substance, making it illegal nationwide. However, many states have legalized marijuana use (and hence THC) for medicinal purposes and a few have legalized it for recreational purposes. In states where marijuana is only legal for medicinal purposes, patients require a prescription from a doctor in order to purchase it.

As for CBD, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has stated that CBD derived from hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC is legal federally. Some states have specifically legalized CBD use for medical conditions. Also, in states where THC is legal for both medicinal and recreational purposes, so is CBD.

Prior to purchasing either CBD or THC, you should check your state’s laws regarding their use.

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